Wednesday, September 17, 2014

The importance of the Scottish independence referendum for Europe

The importance of the Scottish independence referendum for Europe

September 17, 2014
The Scottish referendum is a historic turning point for the UK and across Europe. Supporters and opponents of independence provide a tight head-to-head race, the proponents were a few days ago for the first time in a survey just ahead. That solved in ruling circles throughout Europe from a crisis. Many leading politicians and influential figures spoke out against Scottish independence, warning of catastrophic consequences.
This reaction is primarily motivated by the belief that the elimination of Scotland would not only exacerbate the economic crisis in the UK, but across Europe could tear into the abyss. It is expected that a majority would crash by 15 percent, the pound sterling for the spin-off. Therefore, investors sold already in the last month British stocks, bonds and other securities worth nearly 17 billion pounds (about 21 billion euros).
The Times commented that the fear of a consent for independence "has caused the biggest sell-off in British investments since the collapse of Wall Street bank Lehman Brothers."
The bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers triggered the global financial crisis of 2008 and an international collapse of the capitalist system. A collapse of the British economy could, especially given the already precarious situation as well as the European economy, time just as disastrous.
Just this month decided the European Central Bank to buy up bonds on the private financial markets in the value of initial 100 billion euro and reduce the central bank interest rate to 0.05 percent. This was a desperate attempt to get the economy on the continent back on track and will prevent the crash in a deflation. France is already reached at a zero growth and the economy contracts in Germany and Italy. "Triple dip" recession is everywhere before warned.
No less worrying for the ruling elites of Europe would be the consequences of the breakup of the United Kingdom, which has existed for 307 years due to the Act of Union. They fear for the stability of their own states. If Britain can break apart, then similar developments are possible in many parts of Europe.
The events in Scotland are observed with great interest by separatist movements in Italy, Belgium, Spain and elsewhere. Last Thursday there was a demonstration of almost two million in Barcelona, ​​demanding the independence of Catalonia. Many protesters carried the Scottish flag with him.They referred to the legally binding referendum in Scotland, and called for the recognition of the scheduled for November 9 unofficial referendum on Catalan independence from Spain.
That there is not anywhere similar separatist movements as in Scotland, contributes little to calm the European ruling elites. The success of the Scottish National Party (SNP) and its various satellites are essentially due to the fact that they were able to successfully exploit the enormous hostility against the old establishment parties, their austerity and their warmongering.
This phenomenon applies not only to the ruling Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition in the UK. The Labour Party could not occur as an alternative to such third parties, or even Scotland provide an incentive to remain in the United Kingdom. It is both hated because of their support for the illegal wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, as before they ousted also because of its glorification of the market economy and because of the bailouts of the banks in 2008 and because of the bad reduction measures they had begun to enforce, 2010 been.
Other parties in Europe are in no better position. You all stare, trembling on the degree of dissatisfaction and opposition to the established conditions, even when the resistance is still poorly developed.
The enormous tensions that has laid bare the Scottish referendum, point to an unprecedented crisis rule out no matter how the vote goes out on Thursday.Polls in recent days have a majority against independence suspect. Behind this are concerns about the economic consequences of secession. A consent to secession, however, would signal an unprecedented political crisis. But only a terse rejection could not close the Pandora's box that has opened the referendum.
All of this adds to the separatist agenda of the SNP or similar movements elsewhere no progressive character. They are completely reactionary to the contrary.
The Scottish nationalism articulates the interests of a faction of the bourgeoisie, represented by the SNP and many middle-class riders. They are intoxicated by the prospect of a larger share of the wealth of Scotland, for example, in the many billions of pounds of oil and tax revenues and of their future relationships with large corporations, where low corporate taxes and better exploitation conditions possible for the working class.
The same predatory elements dominate the separatist Northern League in Italy, the Vlaams Belang in Belgium, the Catalan and Basque separatists in Spain and similar groups elsewhere on the continent.
The real class interests behind the separatist projects are incompatible with the many promises of the SNP to pursue a progressive social policy. Many workers know it. Under these circumstances, the pseudo-left cheering troops for independence as the Scottish Socialist Party (SSP), the Radical Independence Campaign, and former SSP leader Tommy Sheridan play key roles for the nationalist propaganda.
You have been of no lesser authority than the fi nances ial Times referred to as "crucial" for the mobilization of support for the referendum, because they direct the social and political discontent among workers behind the SNP. They claim that the independence despite the SNP mean a break with the right policies in Westminster.
But separatism is not the only reason reactionary, because the SNP by the ruling party would, but for the class that will prevail. For the working class in Scotland and Europe separatism would be a disaster. He would only lead to the balkanization of the entire continent. Workers were brought in each country and in the smallest regions in a fratricidal struggle against each other in position. It would inevitably break up national antagonisms that poison the relations between the working population and they clamp for rival parts of the capitalist class.
The pseudo-leftists are committed under conditions of separatism, where the international banks and transnational corporations and the governments they control perform very similar attacks on workers in all parts of Europe and worldwide. However, the globalization of economic life creates in reality also the possibility, indeed the necessity, the struggles of workers across national borders with a internationalist and socialist perspective to unite
The nationalist pseudo-leftists do the dirty work of the capitalists. Your lies about the progressive potential of an independent Scotland directed against the struggle for socialism, they secretly fear and reject and declare in public impossible.
In fact, the idea that unrealistic perspective, the workers to open by creating a variety of micro and even less viable states, a way forward.
The Socialist Equality Party in Britain calls for an unequivocal rejection of the Scottish referendum. Scottish, English and Welsh workers must not be split, but must lead a unified struggle against the common class enemy.
The answer to the dictatorship of the financial oligarchy and their parties in the UK is not in the creation of a new Scottish state that would be dominated by the same social forces, but in the fight for a workers' government and a socialist Britain. Together with our European and international comrades fighting for the abolition of capitalist domination in Europe and for the construction of the United Socialist States of Europe.
Chris Marsden and Robert Stevens


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