Sunday, May 24, 2015

Missing Canadians - Why don't we know about this?



Since 2010, the National Centre for Missing Persons and Unidentified Remains (NCMPUR) has produced the NCMPUR Fast Fact Sheet. This fact sheet replaces the Missing Children's Annual Reference Report and provides a national breakdown of missing persons reports by province, age (child or adult), sex and probable cause. The NCMPUR Fast Fact Sheet has been prepared using numbers provided within the Canadian Police Information Centre's (CPIC) 2014 Missing Persons Statistical Report.

It is important to note that these numbers illustrate the number of missing person transactions in CPIC, rather than the number of missing individuals. Transactions include repeat runaways and situations where a single instance of a missing person may be entered and deleted multiple times by different agencies over a period of time (e.g., a child goes missing with the initial report being filed with one police service, however, further investigation indicates the file falls within another police service's jurisdiction).

The attached tables include data provided by CPIC that are more indicative of the number of actual missing persons reports. Although the CPIC program utilized attempts to remove duplications, it is not currently possible to know the variability caused by these additional factors listed above, given the available data. The number of CPIC transactions reflects a "point in time" and can change dynamically as records are added, modified, or removed. It is also important to note that there is some subjectivity in the CPIC data related to probable cause, as the person who enters the data is left to determine which "probable cause" category s/he believes the missing person falls into. As well, although both parental abduction (with custody order and with no custody order), runaway, and the other categories, are defined in CPIC as applying only to children, subjects under 18, and youth respectively, adults are sometimes entered into these categories.

While NCMPUR anticipates that future fast fact sheets will be in a similar format to the one produced this year, the categories may change in future years as CPIC adds more data fields to provide a more comprehensive picture of the missing person report. As the statistics become more descriptive, backward comparisons to previous years may not be possible.

Fast Fact Sheet - CPIC Missing Adult Reports by province, profile, and sex for 2014*
Provinces
(Population in 2014)
Abduction by strangerAccidentWandered OffParental Abduction with CustodyParental Abduction without CustodyRunawayUnknownOtherTotal

FemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMale
Yukon Territory
(36,758)
00425250000449164578
North West Territory
(43,795)
000011100011972225
Nunavut Territory
(36,687)
00000000000000011
British Columbia
(4,657,947)
8110571712971201414440256731162553617701
Alberta
(4,145,992)
120679129200014014052985246902016
Saskatchewan
(1,129,899)
1005143000001511592683271615986
Manitoba
(1,286,323)
00052048000064224227924731271541
Ontario
(13,730,187)
31361873490120525605144118312643635581
Quebec
(8,236,310)
240103710102211794313496731543422287
New Brunswick
(754,643)
210492300002226458579233
Prince Edward Island
(146,524)
000012000013220213
Nova Scotia
(943,932)
01014160000101748783671282
Newfoundland and Labrador
(526,837)
00000200001182764213127
Total171017119525100345422100207655737298817130120871
*Data subject to caveats outlined in the Introduction section.
Sixty-two (62) missing adult reports were not included in this table as there was an invalid/no profile for probable cause of going missing.
Fast Facts:
  • 67% of missing adult reports were removed within 24 hours, while 85% were removed within a week
Fast Fact Sheet - CPIC Missing Children and Youth reports by province, profile, and sex for 2014**
Provinces
(Population in 2014)
Abduction by strangerAccidentWandered OffParental Abduction with CustodyParental Abduction without CustodyRunawayUnknownOtherTotal

FemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMale
Yukon Territory
(36,758)
00110200003444261596
North West Territory
(43,795)
00000210001311411134
Nunavut Territory
(36,687)
00010000000000001
British Columbia
(4,657,947)
224310355655220011152222012963022037361
Alberta
(4,145,992)
3100141847231643139414713820163410
Saskatchewan
(1,129,899)
11103500201726918397295983366
Manitoba
(1,286,323)
101151001113833170962123525146458
Ontario
(13,730,187)
33439195101614116074479499891128524413556
Quebec
(8,236,310)
313281436910190723625375391771755756
New Brunswick
(754,643)
0401021000145109282111313
Prince Edward Island
(146,524)
000000000095001116
Nova Scotia
(943,932)
10201201003282701114614650
Newfoundland and Labrador
(526,837)
1200000010187316717163325
Total151416122252052536342717900127895042347384468541342
*Data subject to caveats outlined in the Introduction section.
Twenty-two (22) missing children reports were not included in this table as there was an invalid/no profile for probable cause of going missing.
Fast Facts:
  • 65% of missing children/youth reports were removed within 24 hours, while 87% were removed within a week
  • Youth between the age of 14-15 make up 43% of missing children/youth reports
Source: http://www.canadasmissing.ca/pubs/2014/index-eng.htm

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