Monday, November 28, 2016

Deepest water found 1000km down

23 November 2016
Deepest water found 1000km down, 
a third of way to Earth’s core

Priceless imperfection

Mederic Palot

Andy Coghlan

JULES VERNE’s idea of an ocean deep below the surface in Journey to the Centre of the Earth may not have been too far off. Earth’s mantle may contain many oceans’ worth of water – with the deepest 1000 kilometres down.

“If it wasn’t down there, we would all be submerged,” says Steve Jacobsen at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, whose team made the discovery. “This implies a bigger reservoir of water on the planet than previously thought.”

This water is much deeper than any seen before, at a third of the way to the edge of Earth’s core. Its presence was indicated by a diamond spat out 90 million years ago by a volcano near the São Luíz river in Juina, Brazil.

The diamond has an imperfection – a sealed-off inclusion – that contains minerals that became trapped during the diamond’s formation. When the researchers took a closer look at it with infrared microscopy, they saw unmistakable evidence of the presence of hydroxyl ions, which normally come from water. They were everywhere, says Jacobsen.

To work out the depth the diamond formed at – and hence the origins of this water – the team again turned to the inclusion. It is made of a ferropericlase mineral, which is composed of iron and magnesium oxide, and can also absorb other metals such as chromium, aluminium and titanium at ultra-high temperatures and pressures typical of the lower mantle.

“This water is much deeper than ever found before, at a third of the way to the edge of Earth’s core”

Jacobsen found that these additional metals had separated from the ferropericlase – something that happens in the milder conditions a diamond experiences as it edges up through shallower depths. But for the metals to be present at all, the diamond must have originated in the intense conditions of the lower mantle (Lithos, “Based on the composition of the trapped mineral, we speculate that the depth was around 1000 kilometres,” says Jacobsen.

The clincher is that as the inclusion was trapped in the diamond the whole time, the water signature can only have come from the diamond’s place of formation in the lower mantle. “This is the deepest evidence for water recycling on the planet,” he says. “The big take-home message is that the water cycle on Earth is bigger than we ever thought, extending into the deep mantle.”

His team has previously found evidence of massive amounts of water some 600 kilometres down, mixed in with rock.

“Water clearly has a role in plate tectonics, and we didn’t know before how deep these effects could reach,” he says. “It has implications for the origin of water on the planet.” For example, it is possible that Earth had water from day one in the very dust and rocks that first formed it.

But it’s still not clear exactly how water got so far down. It may have arrived in the mantle even earlier than 90 million years ago, through sedimentary oceanic crust burrowing downwards as primitive tectonic plates thrust against and past each other.

The new study suggests cycling of subducted material, even at these depths, says Lydia Hallis at the University of Glasgow, UK. “Ultimately, this research will help us better understand the way our planet recycles itself.”

Jacobsen thinks that this water may help explain why Earth is the only planet we know to have plate tectonics. “Water mixes with ocean crust and gets subducted at convergent plate boundaries,” he says. “Introducing water into the mantle promotes melting and weakens rock, likely helping out the motions of plates like grease.”

The hope is that such research will yield insights into how our oceans and atmosphere formed in the first place.

This article appeared in print under the headline “Oceans of water in deep Earth go 1000 km down”


Tuesday, November 22, 2016

We dislike the truth and love to be fooled (Luciano Floridi)

We dislike the truth and love to be fooled (Luciano Floridi)

Professor of Philosophy at the University of Oxford and a member of Google‘s advisory panel on the right to be forgotten, Luciano Floridi stressed on the relevance of the philosophy of information with a view to adapting to the infosphere within which there are so many lies circulating that disincentives could prove necessary. If Google has made good progress towards the right to be forgotten, only data blocking at the source and complete removal would be an effective application. Describing the Brexit and Donald Trump’s win as two disasters, Floridi asserted that we dislike the truth as much as we love to be fooled. Finally, the growth of Artificial Intelligence (AI) should be forcing us to develop an infosphere-specific ecology concluded Floridi who answered Cyceon‘s questions below:
Version française disponible ici.
Luciano Floridi is Professor of Philosophy and Ethics of Information at the University of Oxford, Director of Research and Senior Research Fellow at the Oxford Internet Institute, and Fellow of St Cross College, Oxford.
The Interview
1) Over the last two decades, at least in the West, a large majority has integrated digital technology into everyday life, from smartphone to GPS to the broadband internet. Beyond the theoretical viewpoint of The Fourth Revolution, how can the philosophy of information help one to better adapt to the new reality of “infosphere”?
L.F.: There are many ways in which a new philosophy of information can help us to adapt to the new reality represented by our infosphere, but I would say that probably two are more pressing today, after the terrible disasters represented by Brexit and the election of Donald Trump as President of the United States: communication and behavior. Take communication first. A good philosophy of information should help us find new solutions to a healthy exchange of information online. Admittedly, platforms like Facebook and Twitter are finally doing something to decrease the disgusting level of lies and falsities circulating on their platforms. Bu there should be some independent oversight. This leads me to the second point. A good philosophy of information should help us understand that the infosphere is the new environment in which we are spending an increasing amount of time. We should behave ecologically towards its construction and stewardship, both because it is our new home, and because a flourishing digital world could lead to better analogue world as well. In this case too incentives and disincentives should be put in place.
2) Nicknamed the “Google philosopher”, you’ve been serving since mid-July 2014 on Google‘s advisory panel on the right to be forgotten. Since then, do you think Google has made some progress with a view to enforcing this right? Considering it’s quite easy to make copies of any data available on the internet, can it be really possible to be forgotten?
L.F.: I think Google adopted the right approach by appointing an independent, pro bono, panel of experts to provide external advice, and then by following the recommendations that we delivered. According to most recent data, this has led Google to evaluate (since May 2014) a total of 629,647 requests for the removal of 1,782,722 URLs with ca. 43% being removed. More recently, Google moved a step forward by extending the removal of the URLSs to any domain-based version of its search engine used by anyone conducting name-based searches from the same European country as the original approved request. To put it simply, this means that, whereas in the past someone from e.g. France could still access a French blocked name using, this is now impossible. This is a good development. But for some critics this is still insufficient. Yet I fear that, in an infosphere that does not know geographical boundaries, acting on search engines to block access to contents is never going to be the ultimate solution. If some content is harmful, it should be blocked at the source, for any search engine, anywhere, or removed completely, as we do with child pornography. Only this would be an effective implementation of the right to be forgotten.
3) Intelligence officers like former CIA Station Chief Scott Uehlinger repeatedly told Cyceon that the worst issue in their field was twofold: mirror imaging and perception bias/willful blindness. How would you explain the fact that despite the exponential growth of means of information, mis/disinformation seems to propagate/convince more effectively than in the past? Is this just a perception issue, a lack of education or a consequence of information inflation?
L.F.: Mis/disinsformation travels faster because it gives us what we want. Lies and falsities are pleasant, non-challenging, make us feel good, confirm our views, show us that those who disagree with us are wrong, feed our wishful thinking, support our dreams and fantasies. The question is how we ever managed not to get mis- or disinformed, all the time, when it is so easy and so enjoyable. The answer is that in the past the huge demand for lies and falsities was simply not matched by a sufficient supply. Social media have redressed this mismatch. Today there is enough mis/disinformation on almost any topics to satisfy any appetite. We walk into a shop and with the same banknote buy a packet of cigarettes and a lottery ticket. We dislike the truth and love to be fooled. And this is something that Facebook has been supporting quite irresponsibly for years. Recently, speaking on stage at Techonomy, Mark Zuckerberg, when asked about the strategy guiding Facebook, answered “listening to what people want.” This is terrible. Because most of the times we want to be told that the packet of cigarettes will not damage our health, and that we shall win the lottery with our ticket.
4) As Artificial Intelligence (AI) is drawing more and more attention and money from technology giants like Appleand Google, to what extent can one imagine that AI will be able to generate/spread information by itself, true or false, someday in the future? Could it be the ultimate side-effect of the global “infosphere” and how can one prevent it from emerging?
L.F.: AI is still in the hands of a small guild of experts and labs. But it is destined to become more widespread. Once AI will be “democratized”, i.e. will be as cheap and as diffused as the smartphones in the pockets of millions of people, then we should expect an exponential amplification of communications coming from, and between, artificial sources. Already today data exchange is mainly a machine-to-machine business, and programs, for example, write news. Algorithms will inevitably spread whatever falsifies are fed, or magnify emerging biases. And it gets worse: even if all the information disseminated by AI systems were of decent quality, its quantity will be damaging, in the same way as ten Nobel laureates all shouting at the same time in a bar represent mere noise. For all these reasons, we need a serious and robust ecology of the infosphere. And we need it now. But I’m not very optimistic. We are quickly destroying the biosphere irreversibly, I am not so sure we will do a better job with the infosphere. But we must try, because it is the only way we can save ourselves from ourselves.

Trudeau attended cash-for-access fundraiser with Chinese billionaires

Trudeau attended cash-for-access fundraiser with Chinese billionaires

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was the top draw at a $1,500 Liberal Party cash-for-access fundraiser at the mansion of a wealthy Chinese-Canadian business executive in May. One of the guests at the event was a well-heeled donor who was seeking Ottawa’s final approval to begin operating a new bank aimed at Canada’s Chinese community.
The Globe and Mail has learned that wealthy Chinese businessman Zhang Bin who, with a partner, donated $1-million to the Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation and the University of Montreal Faculty of Law weeks after the fundraiser, also attended the event. Mr. Zhang is a political adviser to the Chinese government in Beijing and a senior apparatchik in the network of Chinese state promotional activities around the world.
Chinese Business Chamber of Commerce chair Benson Wong played host to Mr. Trudeau and 32 other people at his Toronto home. Among the donors was insurance tycoon Shenglin Xian, the founder of Wealth One Bank of Canada, and several Chinese billionaires.
At the time, Mr. Xian, president of Toronto-based Shenglin Financial Group Inc., was waiting for final approval from federal bank regulators for his Schedule 1 bank to start business in Canada. Schedule 1 banks are domestic, not foreign, and authorized to accept deposits in Canada.
Attending the fundraiser appears to breach the ethical rules laid down by Mr. Trudeau after he took office. These “Open and Accountable Government” rules state “there should be no preferential access, or appearance of preferential access” in exchange for political donations.
The fundraiser also appears to violate Liberal Party guidelines that require party officials to ban anyone from attending a fundraiser if they have direct business interests before the government.
The Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (OSFI), which reports to Parliament through Finance Minister Bill Morneau, gave the final okay for Wealth One to launch as a federally chartered domestic bank on July 19 with online banking services supported by offices in Toronto and Vancouver.
Canada’s banking watchdog assesses applications for new banks in a multistage process that includes consultation with the Finance Department.
Liberal Party spokesman Braeden Caley played down the presence of Mr. Xian at the elite Trudeau fundraiser, and maintained Wealth One’s application was not discussed.
“As we have been clear, fundraising events are partisan functions where there is not discussion of official government business. Any individual who wishes to initiate a discussion on such matters is immediately redirected to instead make an appointment with the relevant office,” Mr. Caley said in an e-mail to The Globe. “As a political party, the Liberal Party of Canada is not aware of proposals to government – and any such information sharing would be inappropriate.”
Mr. Caley referred The Globe to an official in Mr. Morneau’s office. The official said Wealth One got tentative approval with letters of patent from Conservative finance minister Joe Oliver on July 22, 2015. OSFI did not seek or require Mr. Morneau’s July 19, 2016, approval, the official said.
Mr. Xian, who emigrated from China to Canada in 1990 and quickly became one of the country’s top insurance agents, did not respond to repeated attempts from The Globe for comment.
NDP MP Charlie Angus said the Prime Minister had “really stepped over the line” and “set a low bar” by attending the private fundraiser.
“I find this particular case very troubling because this is a person who has a direct financial interest, paid money, had access to the Prime Minister and whether business was discussed is beside the point,” Mr. Angus told The Globe.
Just weeks after the May fundraiser, the Trudeau Foundation and the university announced that Mr. Zhang, who is also president of the China Cultural Industry Association, and another wealthy Chinese businessman, Niu Gensheng, would donate $1-million to the University of Montreal and the Trudeau Foundation “to honour the memory and leadership” of the former prime minister, who opened diplomatic relations with China in 1970. Of the $1-million endowment, $200,000 went to the Trudeau Foundation, $50,000 will pay for the statue of the elder Mr. Trudeau, and $750,000 will fund University of Montreal Faculty of Law scholarships, which include grants for Quebec students to visit China.
The China Cultural Industry Association, which is supervised and regulated by two Chinese state ministries, aims to build international ties for Beijing.
There is no evidence Mr. Zhang paid to attend the fundraiser, and as a foreign citizen, he cannot make federal political donations. Mr. Niu was not at the event.
Another Chinese billionaire, Ted Jiancheng Zhou, a real estate developer who now lives in Canada, also paid $1,500 to attend the private Trudeau event, as did Jenny Qi, a movie actress, real estate investor and president of the Canada Confederation of Shenzhen Associations. Bob Guo, the chief executive officer of Goldenmount Capital International, was at the fundraiser, but The Globe was unable to determine if he paid the $1,500-per-person ticket price.
Photographs from the May 19 fundraiser in Mr. Wong’s home show Mr. Trudeau speaking to the group with Canadian and Chinese flags in the background. Among the guests was Liu Meng, chairman of the Yangtze River International Chamber of Commerce, which is opening a branch in Canada.
Mr. Liu, a member of China’s Communist Party, has been praised by China’s state media for “seeking out overseas delegates for future business co-operation … and to invest abroad and expand into the global market.”
A photo of Mr. Liu beside the Prime Minister appeared in the Yangtze River Network, a Chinese-run government media outlet based in Wuhan. The Liberal Party said Mr. Liu did not make any personal donations.
“It is our understanding that Liu Meng attended as a friend and guest of the volunteer in whose home the event was hosted, and that he made no political contribution in association with his attendance that evening,” Mr. Caley said.
Mr. Trudeau was also photographed with Xiangton Zhao, a multimillionaire from China focused on property investment and development. There is no record of Mr. Zhao making a donation.
Some of the investors in Wealth One have close ties to China’s Communist regime, including bank director Yuansheng Ou Yang, an owner of a string of Yuan Ming supermarkets in Canada and businesses in China’s Fujian province.
His biography on the Wealth One website says that before he immigrated to Canada in 1990, Mr. Ou Yang was a member of the National People’s Congress, which is China’s legislature, and the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, a political advisory board for China’s leaders.
Another director is Mao Hua Chen, a wealthy Vancouver real estate developer, who along with his wife, Mingyan Lin, are listed as key investors in Wealth One. The couple also operate the North America Investment and Trade Promotion Association, which pushes for close economic ties between Canada, China and the United States.
The Prime Minister has come under fire for cash-for-access fundraisers at homes or hotels where Canadians pay up to $1,525 to rub shoulders with Liberal ministers in charge of major spending and policy decisions.
Last Tuesday, Liberal MPs voted down a Conservative Party motion backed by the New Democrats that would have transferred the Open and Accountable rules on lobbying and fundraising to Ethics Commissioner Mary Dawson. This would have given Ms. Dawson’s office the legal power to crack down on such events.
Ms. Dawson has called the cash-for-access system “not very savoury,” while federal Lobbying Commissioner Karen Shepherd has launched an investigation into the practice after Globe articles revealed that business executives with financial interests before the government were buying tickets to attend events with senior ministers.
“During their first year in office, the Liberals have held more than 80 cash-for-access fundraising events featuring lobbyists, lawyers and important stakeholder groups currently doing business with the Government of Canada,” Conservative MP Blaine Calkins said.
The Liberal Party said in a Nov. 4 letter to all cabinet ministers and parliamentary secretaries that it takes stringent steps to weed people out of fundraisers if they have direct business dealings with the government.

Sunday, November 20, 2016

CERN - A Portal to Where?

What Are They Trying to Awaken at CERN and in Switzerland?
The Gotthard Base Tunnel began in 1947 with a curious sketch by Swiss engineer Carl Eduard Gruner (above).
During World War II, the Gruner Group (formerly Gruner Brothers) constructed railways, powers plants, and irrigation systems, but it was Gruner’s imagined shortcut through the base of the alps, connecting the Swiss towns of Erstfeld and Bodio by burrowing beneath the St. Gotthard Massif in the central Swiss Alps, that would prove to be the company’s greatest design. The Gotthard Base Tunnel (GBT) is the world’s deepest (1.42 miles) and longest tunnel (route length of 35.5 miles with a total of 94.3 miles when all shafts and passages are included). The tunnel consists of two parallel passages, each moving in a single direction on a single track.
The GBT passes directly beneath St. Gotthard’s Pass, a strategic north/south corridor that connects northern and southern Switzerland. Prior to the construction of the modern-day tunnels, including the Gotthard Rail Tunnel built in the 1880s, the only way to pass through this treacherous region was to cross the Devil’s Bridge (die Teufelsbrücke), which is aptly named considering the strange ceremony that accompanied the opening of the newest tunnel beneath the Massif. A legend regarding this Devil’s Bridge (according to oral histories cited at Wikipedia[i]) says this:
The legend itself is related by Johann Jakob Scheuchzer (1716). According to Scheuchzer, he was told a local legend according to which the people of Uri recruited the Devil for the difficult task of building the bridge. The Devil requested to receive the first thing to pass the bridge in exchange for his help. To trick the Devil, who expected to receive the soul of the first man to pass the bridge, the people of Uri sent across a dog by throwing a piece of bread, and the dog was promptly torn to pieces by the Devil. Enraged at having been tricked the Devil went to fetch a large rock to smash the bridge, but, carrying the rock back to the bridge, he came across a holy man who “scolded him” (der ihn bescholten) and forced him to drop the rock, which could still be seen on the path below Göschenen. A modern retelling was published by Meinrad Lienert, Schweizer Sagen und Heldengeschichten (1915). According to Lienert’s version, a goat was sent across the bridge instead of a dog, and instead of the holy man, the Devil, when he was taking a break exhausted from carrying the rock, came across an old woman who marked the rock with a cross, forcing the Devil to abandon it and flee.[ii]
Erstfeld lies a twisty 186 miles or so from Geneva (CERN), and Bodio (the southern portal for the new tunnel) just as far (or farther, if one chooses to go through Erstfeld first—a laborious journey, but one that Google maps apparently suggests). The connection to Geneva’s Large Hadron Collider must be made, primarily because of the bizarre opening ceremony that was live-streamed to the entire world on June 1, 2016. So, let’s unpack the imagery within that occult dance, beginning with a call to unite the religions of the world by conducting an “interfaith” blessing of the tunnel beside a statue of St. Barbara (the patron saint of miners). St. Barbara is another curious component in this bizarre ceremony. Traditionally, her veneration and worship is said to have begun in Bohemia. According to C. E. Gregory:
Barbara Cathedral in Kuttenberg (Bohemia) built between 1388 and 1518 in the old silver city. This was thought to be the most likely source of the Barbara adoration. The cathedral was built around an already existing Barbara altar in an area with many Barbara altars present. Kuttenberg has for centuries had on its coat of arms St. Barbara above the crossed hammer and gad [Schlaegel und Eisen—the classical symbol of mining].[iii]
Allegedly, Barbara lived during the third century AD in Asia Minor in Nicromedia (near Baalbeck). Though her father planned to marry her off to a wealthy and influential friend who served “the old gods” of paganism (if they lived near Baalbeck, one can surmise which entities her father was actually serving), but Barbara chose Christianity instead—dying a martyr’s death for her trouble when she was tortured by the Roman pro-consul and then beheaded by her father. According to Wikipedia, Barbara is also considered one of the “Fourteen Holy Helpers,” a group of super saints whose core members are three virgin martyrs: St. Catherine, St. Margaret, and, of course, St. Barbara. Barbara is associated with a tower, because her father shut her up in one to keep her from the world whilst he arranged her marriage to his pagan buddy. Catherine is linked with “the wheel,” a torture device known as “the breaking wheel,” which (when Catherine was placed upon it) shattered, leaving the torturer, Maxentius, no choice but to behead her. And Margaret is associated with “the Dragon,” because Satan in the form of a dragon had tried to eat her, but her cross irritated his tummy, so he disgorged her and Margaret was put to death.
Three virgins who serve as super saints, and a tower, a wheel, and the dragon. It sounds like a hand from a tarot deck! It is also a dark echo of the three faces of the pagan moon goddess: the virgin/maiden (in white), the harlot/mother (in red and often pregnant), and the crone/widow (an old woman dressed in black).
Connected to this idea of a “triple goddess” is a legend called “The Three Bethan,” a triune goddess worshiped throughout Bavaria that is eerily similar to this notion of three virgin super saints. According to an article at, these three supposedly Christian virgins gave all their money to build a chapel, but are actually pagan in origin:
“Beten” in modern German means “to pray.” Probably the act of worshipping the Bethen was so important and widespread that their name left its mark on the word for praying to them. Firpet or Firbet, the name of the third woman on the Leutstetten image, in modern German sounds pretty much like “Fürbitte” (intercession).
The Bethen were venerated especially in the presence of trees, wells and stones. This finds its expression in the terms “Bethelbäume” (Bethen trees), “Bethenbrunnen” (Bethen wells) and “Bethensteine” (Bethen stones). As we know, worship at wells, in forest groves and near unusual stones was a widespread feature in Celtic and Germanic religion, so we can safely assume that the Bethen cult has pre-Christian roots.[iv]
Now, why would we even care about pagan triple goddesses, if our topic for this entry is about a tunnel beneath an Alpine pass? It is because of the unusual ceremony that inaugurated this dual tunnel system, and the interfaith call to worship that occurred in front of St. Barbara (whose “triple goddess” identity is made clearer in the ceremony itself). Three women—three aspects of the same moon/fertility goddess.
The “Triple Goddess” is not restricted to Alpine mythology:
Greek: Hebe/Hera/Hecate (also Artemis/Selene/Hecate); Aphrodite Urania/Aphrodite Pontia/Aphrodite Pandemos
Roman: Luna/Diana/Proserpina; Phoebe/Diana/Hecate; Juventas/Juno/Minerva
Egyptian: Hathor/Bast/Sekhmet; Hathor/Nephthys/Isis
Hindu: Parvati/Lakshmi/Saraswati
Irish: Badb/macha/Morrígu
Mesopotamian: Inanna/Ishtar/Astarte; Asherah/Astarte/Anat
Arabian (pre-Islamic): Al-Lat/Al-Uzza/Manat
Norse: Freyja/Frigg/ Skaði[v]
hecateHecate, mentioned above, was the Titan earth-mother of the wizards and witches, and illustrates the triple connection between the sky, earth, and underworld realm of evil supernaturalism. As the daughter of Perses and Asteria, Hecate (Hekate) was the only Titan to remain free under Zeus. She was the mother of the wizard Circe and of the witch Medea. She was characterized by the unknown and by the night-terrors that roamed the abandoned and desolate highways.
Other revealing facts about Hecate include:
  • Hecate was often depicted as a young maiden with three faces, each pointing in a different direction—a role in which she was the earth-spirit that haunted wherever three paths joined. As the “goddess of three forms,” she was Luna (the moon) in heaven, Diana (Artemis) on earth, and Hecate of the underworld.
  • At midnight, Hecate’s devotees would leave food offerings at intersections for the goddess (Hecate’s Supper) and, once deposited, quickly exit without turning around or looking back. Sometimes the offerings consisted of honey cakes and chicken hearts, while at other times, puppies and female black lambs were slaughtered and mixed with honey for the goddess and her strigae. (Strigae were deformed, owl-like affiliates of Hecate that I wrote about in The Gods Who Walk Among Us and that Warner Brothers featured from that book in one season of the long-running TV program Supernatural (and consequently invited me to travel to their studios in California to be part of a bonus disc with other “religious” experts on the release of that season to DVD, which I declined) who flew through the night feeding on the bodies of unattended babies. During the day, they appeared as simple old women—folklore that may account for the history of flying witches. The strigae hid amidst the leaves of the trees during the annual festival of Hecate, held on August 13, when Hecate’s followers offered up the highest praise of the goddess).
  • Hecate’s devotees celebrated with festivals near Lake Averna in Campania, where the sacred willow groves of the goddess stood, and they communed with the tree spirits (earth spirits, including Hecate, were thought to inhabit trees) and summoned the souls of the dead from the mouths of nearby caves. It was here that Hecate was known as Hecate-Chthonia, (Hecate of the earth), a depiction in which she most clearly embodied the popular earth-mother-spirit that conversed through the cave stones and sacred willow trees.
Yet Hecate had other, more revealing titles, and these names are the subject of interest for the time being: 1) Hecate-Phosphoros (“The Light Bearer” [recalling another powerful underworld spirit whose original name was Lucifer, “the light bearer”]); and 2) Hecate-Propylaia (“The One Who Guards the Gate”).
The idea that mythological deities were perceived as guarding gates (and in some cases imprisoned behind them), and that often these gods and goddesses were known by ancients as “light bearers” is interesting in view of Scripture. The Hebrew translation of the word “Lucifer” means “light bearer,” and the New Testament speaks of Satan being “transformed into an angel of light” (2 Corinthians 11:14). A deeper study of Scripture supports the idea that spiritual forces that exist behind barriers or “gates” are located in the sky, sea, and physical earth. For instance, the book of Ephesus is a study of principalities and powers in “high places” and “powers of the air.” In Nehemiah 9:6, the prophet speaks of more than one heaven: He saw the heavens and the “heaven of heavens.” These are peripheral heavens, or divisions, as Paul refers to in 2 Corinthians 12:2, saying, “I knew a man in Christ above fourteen years ago…[who was] caught up to the third heaven.” As a Pharisee, Paul acknowledged three main “heavens,” which include a domain of air (the kosmos), or height, controlled by Satan. In pharisaical thought, the first heaven is simply the place where the birds fly, anything removed from and not attached to the surface of the earth. On the other end of the spectrum and of a different substance is the third heaven—the dwelling place of God. This is the place from which angelic spheres spread outward. Between the first heaven where the birds fly and the third heaven “where dwells the throne room of God” is a war zone called the second heaven. This is a place of brass gates (see the Apocalypse of Zephaniah)—the kosmos or Hebrew equivalent of the Persian Ahriman-abad (as in my novel The Ahriman Gate)—the place where Satan or Beelzebul (the “lord of the height”) abides as the prince of the power of the “air” (aer, the lower air, circumambient). This war zone is a sort of gasket heaven, the domain of Satan encompassing the surface of the earth. It was believed that from here kosmokrators could overshadow cities, intrude upon, and attempt to influence the affairs and governments of men. It was also believed that from the kosmos Satan’s minions also sought to close the gateways above cities so that God’s blessings could not flow into them. Later, it was believed that when saints bent their knees in prayer, they had to pray through walls/gates of opposition contained within this gasket heaven.
In addition to heavenly gateways behind which fallen spirits dwell, Job 2.6 tells of Jonah going down to the bottom of the sea into a “city of gates” (Bariyach, a fortress in the earth, a prison) from which God delivered him. There is no doubt about where Jonah was as he prayed to God in Jonah 2:2 “out of the belly of hell” (Sheol—the underworld prison of the dead). This text is both fascinating and illuminating when compared to the words of Christ in Matthew 16:17–18: “Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona [son of Jonah]…thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.” Matthew’s unusual choice of words connecting the rock upon which the church would be built, the name of Jonah, and the gates of hell is not a coincidence. Christ made the same connection to hell’s gateway, Jonah, and his mission for the church in Matthew 12.40: “For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.”

Saturday, November 19, 2016




A student from UCLA has just achieved the highest score in history on an IQ test designed by Mensa, and she claims her astonishing result is due to her daily ingestion of sperm.

26-year old Alicia Franklin, was already a member of the high IQ society Mensa, after scoring 154 in her qualification test in September 2015.
The young woman searched for ways to improve her intelligence, and after taking a new test three weeks ago, it seems that she succeeded.
She allegedly raised her IQ by more than 65 points in 13 months, after she began ingesting a daily dose of fresh sperm. Her new results show that her cognitive intelligence, her perception and her memory have all greatly improved.
According to her latest supervised test, her IQ is now evaluated at 220, making her smarter than Stephen Hawkins, Albert Einstein and Leonardo Da Vinci, and placing her among the most intelligent people in human history.

I did a lot of research on ways to improve my intelligence, and I found out that drinking sperm was probably the simplest and most efficient of them all,” she told Science Today. “There are many nutrients and chemical elements in it that are extremely important for the development of the brain.”

According to Ms Franklin, she started to notice the beneficial effects less than two weeks after she started ingesting semen.
The Chair of Mensa International, Bibiána Balanyi, says that Ms Franklin could now be one of the three most intelligent people in history.
According to experts, Ms. Franklin’s theory is, indeed, founded on scientific facts, and it is very plausible to believe that people ingesting sperm could develop better intellectual capacities.
Semen contains over 200 proteins and several helpful vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, calcium, chlorine, citric acid, fructose, lactic acid, magnesium, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, vitamin B12 and zinc.
It also contains mood-enhancing compounds such as cortisol, estrone, oxytocin, thyrotropin-releasing hormone, prolactin, melatonin and serotonin.

Many of these elements could help get a better sleep, feel less stress and be in a better mood, which are all factors which may help to perform better.

Friday, November 18, 2016

Nephilim and Rephaim

How Resurrection ‘Science’ Works? To Raise Rephaim… and King of Abyss

We ended the last entry discussing the Tower of Babel and how it was not merely intended to reach heaven due to its height. This was a stargate, whose design was inspired by forbidden knowledge. Nimrod had deciphered the secret to unlocking a portal (what some might call an Einstein-Rosen Bridge) that would lead to the heights once envied by Satan: the Sides of the North—the Heavenly Throne. The text admits the builders wanted to create a structure “whose top may reach unto heaven.” When the Lord came down and saw what was happening, He said, “Nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do” (Genesis 11:6). That is a curious comment if the meaning here is only that the tower would reach into the “sky.”
Structures had been built around the world since the dawn of time extending significantly skyward, yet so far as we know none of them ever elicited such an intriguing response from God, saying, “nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do” or a translation like “nothing that they propose to do will now be impossible for them” (ESV). And what was it Nimrod imagined to do? Build a tower whose top would penetrate Shamayim—the abode of Watchers; God. And just what sort of nefarious construction project would allow that to happen and arguably prompt more divine intervention than the atomic bomb? Josephus weakly suggests that the Tower of Babel was being made waterproof and that this was an act of rebellion against God, defying Him for sending the Flood and preparing for survival of future acts of punishment should they come. Yet what if another meaning here—“which they have imagined to do”—fits more perfectly with Scripture and history? Something that has to do with the physicality of heaven—as in the dwelling place of angels?
Gary Stearman—popular anchor for Prophecy Watchers television—believes like many scholars do that something was going on at Babylon with regard to “angelic portal technology.” He writes:
Under the leadership of Nimrod, the early post-Flood societies were obviously attempting to reunite with the fallen spirit-beings, who were within their recent historical memory…they were on the verge of achieving their primary goal—not just to build a tower, but to break through a barrier to the realm of heaven, itself. They were apparently about to realize some success in penetrating the dimensional veil that separates one aspect of heaven from the earth!
This “tower” would enable men to realize their darkest imaginings. And what had they imagined to do? Simply to renew their contact with the “sons of God,” as their predecessors had done before the Flood.[i]
Perhaps, as Stearman suggests above, Nimrod was attempting to open a doorway with the peripheral proximity of a parallel brane in the cosmic superstructure astrophysicists call the bulk. According to modern physics, the second heaven (or astral plane) might be only a micrometer away in a fifth dimension. On the one hand, such ideas bring comfort to some, to conceptualize God and His angels as always in such close “physical” proximity. On the other hand, the same notion disturbingly adds relevance to the prophecies of Isaiah (chapter 13) regarding earthly Babel-gates opening at the end of time with giants and transgenic monstrosities rushing out of them. Either way, the text above could imply the ever-present apotheosis ambition of man: to use the tower as a transformational technology employed by Nimrod and his minions to become like gods and “make us a name.” In Forbidden Secrets of the Labyrinth, Mark Flynn explains, “The tower was not necessarily a device that would cause men to become gods immediately, but an intradimensional conduit that would once more bring the assistance of the Watchers who would make men “gods” like themselves through the knowledge they provided.”[ii] The Watchers’ primary offense (other than illicit procreation with humans) was the promulgation of forbidden knowledge, weapons, and dangerous technology (1 Enoch 8). It seems most probable this knowledge was intended to open a channel to the second heaven and the abode of the Watchers as the text clearly indicates.
It should also be noted that Nimrod is the template for a panoply of “dying gods” worshiped under the names Osiris (a play possibly on Asshur, which may be another name for Nimrod, the Assyrian), Heracles, Horus, Tammuz, Mithras, Cernunnos, Marduk, and others. When the languages were confused at the tower, the bewildered builders and terrified citizens, who no doubt believed Nimrod to be a god who would bring more gods to their city and recreate the “golden age” spoken of by their ancestors, took the story and told it with variations upon the names, seeding the legend of the “dying god” throughout all civilizations of the world. All the legends end with a promise that their god(s) would return in the final days and inaugurate a new age—and yes, that is the Novus Ordo Seclorum prophecy on the Great Seal of the United States.
Nimrod’s stargate may have been very strategically located to accomplish this very task by being constructed directly over Enki’s abode, the Abzu (Abyss). The Mighty Hunter Nimrod, along with the combined efforts of the “one mind” of mankind, used fallen angel technology and nearly opened the Abyss—but the Lord intervened personally, an extremely rare event, because the Abyss must and will remain closed until the Lord permits it to be opened. And we who live in these days—days that fit the bill for the “last days” read about the modern technology and foolish experiments (CERN, for instance, as discussed in the upcoming book Abaddon Ascending, on which this series is based) that may serve as parts of the final “key” to unlocking this hideous hell-hole.

How Do They Return? And Does It Involve Gates?

In between the “first incursion” of giants and the prophesied future return of these hybrid monstrosities was a so-called “second incursion” of Nephilim, Anakim, Gibborim and even Nimrod, the builder of Babel. This post-Flood presence of giants is confusing to some because 2 Peter 2:5 states that all of the ungodly were destroyed in Noah’s Flood, and Genesis 7 confirms all souls but those on board the ark were killed in the deluge, including the original Nephilim. So how did they (do they?) come back? And does this relate to metaphysical gates?
Some believe the answer to the second (and future) incursion of giants is simple—different Watchers repeated the original sin of their angelic brothers after the Flood, giving birth to a second crop of Nephilim. Hebrew scholars point out that the phrase from Genesis 6:1–2, “when men began to multiply…the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose,” can accurately be translated “whenever men began to multiply,” and thus the sin of the Watchers could have been (and can be) repeated following the Flood. Genesis 6:4 may imply this when it says, “There were giants in the earth in those days [the days before the flood]; and also after that [after the Flood], when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men [again?], and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.” If this is how the giants returned immediately after the Flood, it makes sense that much fewer were generated the second time around as this second generation of Watchers would have been aware of and feared the judgment that befell the original Watchers, which were now confined “in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day” (Jude 1:6).
A second and more intriguing possibility as to how the giants came back after the Flood involves Watchers’ occultism and the possibility that high-level magic was used to “raise” dead Nephilim back into bodies of flesh. While some may consider that idea too incredible to conceive, there is cause to accept at least the possibility.
How so? According to the book of Jubilees 8:1–5, Kainam, Noah’s grandson found the antediluvian secrets of the Watchers after the Flood:
In the twenty-ninth jubilee, in the first week, in the beginning thereof Arpachshad took to himself a wife and her name was Rasu’eja, the daughter of Susan, the daughter of Elam, and she bare him a son in the third year in this week, and he called his name Kainam.  And the son grew, and his father taught him writing, and he went to seek for himself a place where he might seize for himself a city. And he found a writing which former [pre-flood generations] had carved on the rock, and he read what was thereon, and he transcribed it and sinned owing to it; for it contained the teaching of the Watchers.… And he wrote it down and said nothing regarding it; for he was afraid to speak to Noah about it lest he should be angry with him on account of it.
The secret teachings of the Watchers recovered by Kainam could have contained a formula for raising the spirits of dead Nephilim in use with “magic beds” and “magic bracelets” (if Jubilees, considered canon by some and revered by Jews, is to be believed). The Bible itself seems to allude to the efficacy of this ancient dark art, though the knowledge today may be confined only to occult orders such as Freemasons, who do claim the mystical ability to raise “Osiris” from the underworld. The Hebrew prophet Ezekiel made an important statement about “magic bands” (kesatot), which were cryptically used to dispel (magically eject) the souls of men apparently in order to replace those spirits with resurrected ones from the dead (as in the Rephaim or dead Nephilim).
Will ye hunt the souls of my people, and will ye save [Hebrew, chayah, “restore to life”] the souls alive that come unto you…to slay the souls that should not die, and to save [restore to life] the souls alive that should not live…? Wherefore thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I am against your [Kesatot, “magic bands” used for binding and loosing souls], wherewith ye there hunt the souls to make them fly [Parach, “to fly away,” or alternatively “to sprout up from out of the ground”] and I will tear them from your arms, and will let the souls go, even the souls that ye hunt to make them fly (Ez[ekiel] 13:18b–20). (emphasis added)
The kesatot was a magic arm band used in connection with a container called the kiste. Wherever the kiste is inscribed on sarcophagi, it is depicted as a sacred vessel (a spirit prison?) with a snake peering through an open lid. How the magic worked and in what way a spirit was ejected and replaced with a spirit from the dead is a mystery (unless, again, modern occultists have these demonic incantations in their possession today). Pan, the half-man/half-goat god that guarded the entrance to the “gates of hell” at the base of Mount Hermon—beyond which the Rephaim (dead Nephilim) were imprisoned—is sometimes pictured kicking the lid open and letting the snake (spirit?) out. Such loose snakes were then depicted as being enslaved around the limbs and bound in the hair of the Bacchae women, the servants of the demonic god Dionysus. Whatever this imagery of Pan, the serpents, the imprisoned spirits, and the magic kesatot and kiste actually represented, a noteworthy verification of the magical properties represented by them is discussed in the scholarly book Scripture and Other Artifacts by Phillip King and Michael David:
In the closing verses of Ezekiel 13 the prophet turns his attention to magic practices whose details remain obscure. Two key terms are kesatot and mispabot.… The kesatot are worn on the arms, while the mispabot are made “on the head of every height” (?), which has been understood to mean “on the heads of persons of every height” [including those of great height; giants, offspring of the Watchers].…
In modern times archaeological discoveries and texts from Babylonia in particular have shed further light on what might be involved: G. A. Cooke cited Hellenistic figurines from Tell Sandahannah (Mareshah) in Palestine with wire twisted around their arms and ankles…and a magical text from Babylonia that speaks of white and black wool being bound to a person or to someone’s bed.… J. Herrmann [notes] that both words can be related to Akkadian verbs, kasu and sapabu, which mean respectively “to bind” and “to loose.” Herrmann also drew attention to texts in which these verbs were used in a specifically magical sense.… This indicates that, whatever the objects were, their function was to act as “binders” and “loosers” in a magical sense, in other words as means of attack and defense [of spirits] in sorcery.[iii]
The text in Ezekiel is believed to specifically refer to Dionysian or Bacchanalian magic, which is important in the context of the upcoming book Abaddon Ascending when combined with a related two-part “binding” and “loosing” question from God in Job 38:31: “Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion?” The first part of God’s challenge to Job here involves the star (gate) cluster Pleiades, which in mythology represented the seven sisters or teachers of the infant Dionysus, the very priestesses of whom used the kesatot and kiste to magically “bind” those spirits that Ezekiel said God would “loose.” The second part of God’s proposition to Job is equally meaningful, “Can you…loose the bands [stargate] of Orion?” Studies in recent years have made intriguing findings that suggest the Giza Plateau—which according to Zahi Hawass (former secretary general of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities) was known to ancient Egyptians as the “House of Osiris, Lord of the Underground Tunnels”—was designed to reflect the constellation Orion. The three pyramids of Giza do appear to be laid out in a pattern reflecting the three stars of Orion, which is none other than the heavenly representation of Osiris.
In Greek mythology, the god Orion (Osiris) fell in love with Apollo’s sister, Diana (Artemis). Apollo did not like this arrangement and tricked Diana into shooting an arrow into Orion’s head. When she saw what she had done, Diana placed the dead Osiris among the stars and transformed him into the constellation Orion. Thereafter, Orion was thought to be the “Soul of Osiris.”
Earlier history connects the constellation Orion to the Sumerian legend of Gilgamesh, identified in the Bible as Nimrod—the giant “mighty hunter” before the Lord—that fantastic personality who built the Tower of Babel gate and who in later mythology was also called Osiris and Apollo. If Job 38:31 is therefore interpreted according to these ancient astrological and mythological renderings, it would have God asking Job if he could bind the magic bands (kesatot?) of Osiris-Dionysus or loose the bindings (mispabot?) of the mighty hunter, the giant Orion/Gilgamesh/Nimrod/Osiris/Apollo. What is potentially more explosive is the deep possible implication from this text that not only can God do this—that is, loose the forces bound at Giza and the constellation Orion—but that, when the correct time comes, He will. Think Revelation chapter 9.

Thursday, November 17, 2016

Martyrdom of Brother Solomon - Presented by Brother Domenic Viggiani

October Reflection by Brother Domenic

The circumstances which led to the martyrdom of Brother Solomon are quite clear. He had been living for some time all alone in the large Brothers' School in the Rue de Notre Dame, close to the Luxembourg Gardens from which the community had been forced to depart when on the evening of the Feast of the Assumption, August 15th, 1792 the building was surrounded by the National Guard and Bother Solomon was arrested. He must have been half expecting this eventuality.
Once the monarchy had been overthrown early in the French Revolution the next target was the Church. In 1790 the Civil Constitution of the Clergy gave the state complete control over the Church in France. In order to continue to function priests and religious were required to take an oath to support the Constitution. Most of the Brothers refused and so were forced gradually to abandon their schools and communities. Before his arrest, Brother Solomon was the Secretary of Brother Agathon, the Superior General. Living alone in Paris at the time of his arrest, Brother Solomon wrote letters to his family full of religious spirit in the face of the horrors as they unfolded in France. He refused to take the oath and so would end his days in the makeshift prison set up in the Carmelite Monastery together with several bishops and priests. On September 2nd the prisoners were brought in pairs to the monastery garden where they were bludgeoned to death.
And it was thus that Brother Solomon ended his earthly life together with an immense number of bishops, priests and other religious men and women throughout France. This systematic massacre was because they had refused to accept the Civil Constitution of the Clergy that was being imposed by the most vicious proponents on the new regime rendering the Church subservient to the State. The oath was schismatic and by their refusal these good servants of the Church declared in the most uncompromising way their loyalty to the See of Rome. At first, the Civil Constitution of the Clergy and the oath of acceptance had been primarily a matter for ecclesiastics. But eventually others, including the Brothers, had become involved owing to their support of priests who refused to conform. This attitude had angered the authorities and many of the Brothers' schools and communities were closed.
I remember as a young Brother reading the life of Brother Solomon and remaining extremely impressed that he as a young man gifted with a keen intelligence and possessing all the advantages his rather wealthy family could provide him, should eventually decide to become a teaching Brother dedicated to the education of the poor and the sons of artisans. It is true that Brother Solomon was an exemplary Religious. There is ample evidence to prove this point. We have many letters, most of them quite long, written by him to his family which bear eloquent testimony to his piety and serious- mindedness. And yet it is not for what he accomplished in his life as a Brother that he is now being raised to the altar of sainthood. Rather, it is because like a good and faithful servant, when the greatest test occurred before him, he found the fortitude and moral courage to accept what at first sight might appear terrifying and insurmountable.
On Sunday, October 16th Brother Solomon Leclercq will be declared a saint of the Catholic Church by the Holy Father. Let us give thanks for the example of the life and witness of this humble Brother. But most of all, let us pray that we too may in our own way respond to the call of Providence to stand up with courage and resolve to a world that each day is less and less open to the Gospel of Christ.
Brother Domenic Viggiani, FSC